Water Agreement Between Israel And Jordan

Appendix I deals with borders and sovereignty. Appendix I, point a), establishes an “administrative border” between Jordan and the Israeli-occupied West Bank in 1967, without prejudice to the status of that territory. Israel recognizes Jordan`s sovereignty over the territory of Naharayim/Baqura (including the island of peace) and the Tzofar/Al Ghamr region. [9] Appendix II deals with water and related issues. In accordance with Article 6 of the Treaty, Jordan and Israel agreed to create a “Common Water Committee” (Article VII). [10] Appendix III deals with crime and illicit drugs. [11] Appendix IV is about the environment. [12] Appendix V covers border crossings, passports and visas. Article 6 states that “any contracting party has the right to refuse entry to a person in accordance with its rules.” [13] The agreed protocol of the treaty contains a number of details on the implementation of the peace treaty. [14] The agreement was signed at the World Bank headquarters in Washington.

According to the agreement, about 200 million cubic metres of water are pumped each year from the Red Sea – 80 million are desalted at a special plant in Aqaba, Jordan; 30 to 50 million euros will be made available to Israel for the operation in Arawa and Eilat; $30 million will be paid to Jordan for their southern region; and about 32 million are sold to the Palestinian Authority. Israeli Energy Minister Silvan Shalom, who represented Israel at the signing ceremony in Washington, called the agreement a “historic agreement” and added that it was a “dream come true.” In the Israeli-Jordanian peace agreement, water is fairly widely treated. The agreement describes the water allocations to which the two Jordan countries are entitled, including its Yarmouk tributary, and the common groundwater of Wadi Araba/Arava. The agreement also provides for the storage of Jordanian “winter water” in Lake Tiberias within Israel when they have a relative surplus of water supplies. Israel then releases water during the dry summer hour, when Jordan needs it in its urban centres like Amman. The agreement provides for the creation of a Joint Water Committee (JWC) to implement the water clauses of the peace treaty. The project has been discussed and studied in various forms for 20 years. Silvan Shalom, Israel`s minister for water projects and regional cooperation, described the agreement as “historic” on Monday on Israeli army radio. However, critics said it was much less ambitious than an earlier canal proposal that would also take advantage of the difference in altitude between the Red Sea and the Dead Sea to produce hydroelectricity.

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